Midwest Cropping Systems Effects on Soil Properties and on a Soil Quality Index

ABSTRACT Cropping systems may improve or decrease soil quality depending on the specific crop rotation, nutrient amendments, and tillage practices employed. We conducted this study to determine the effect of six cropping systems in the Wisconsin Integrated Cropping Systems Trial on soil properties after 18 years of continuous treatments. We sampled soils (0-5-cm and 5-20-cm depths) following the corn (Zea [...] More »

Organic No-Tillage Winter Rye-Soybean Systems: Weed Community Dynamics

We conducted research in 2008 and 2009 near Arlington, Wisconsin to determine the effects of a winter rye cover crop for no-tillage organic soybean production on weed management and the weed community dynamics relative to a tillage-intensive approach (plowing, tine weeding, and cultivation). Our specific objectives were to determine the effect of rye management [...] More »

Organic No-Tillage Winter Rye-Soybean Systems: Agronomic, Economic, and Environmental Assessment

We conducted research to determine some of the agronomic, economic, and environmental risks associated with the use of winter rye cover crop in no-till organic soybean production systems. Our objectives were to determine the effect of rye management (plowing, crimping, and mowing), and soybean planting date (mid-May or early June) on soil moisture availability, [...] More »

Organic and Conventional Production Systems in the Wisconsin Integrated Cropping Systems Trial: II. Economic and Risk Analysis 1993-2006

This article, the second in a series looking at the Wisconsin Integrated Cropping Systems Trial (WICST), reports on the profitability of six conventional and organic systems, with a focus on net returns and associated risk exposure. Several pricing scenarios were compared to evaluate the impact of government programs and organic price premiums. When net return [...] More »

Using Rye as a Cover Crop in Organic Soybeans

This report was the result of an independent project that includes a literature review on using rye as a mulch and an allelopathic crop.  It was the prelude to a Master Degree project using on-farm and on-station plots. Author: Emily Bernstein More »